End Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining

Photo of mountaintop removal mining by Kent Mason

Photo of mountaintop removal mining by Kent Mason

Since the 1970s, the coal industry has blown up more than 500 of the oldest, most biologically rich mountains in America and destroyed more than 2,000 miles of headwater streams. Despite an ongoing citizen movement to end the destruction, and despite the decline in coal, it’s still happening.

Mountaintop removal coal mining is a destructive form of extracting coal in which companies use heavy explosives to blast off hundreds of feet from an ancient mountain ridge to access thin seams of coal below. The massive amounts of dirt and rubble, what the coal industry calls “overburden,” is dumped into adjacent valleys, burying headwater streams.

To meet federal reclamation requirements, the mining sites and “valley fills” are often sprayed with non-native grasses, and gravel ditches are built as so-called restored streams. Many sites don’t meet the requirements, and even if they do, these measures do little to prevent toxic contaminants from poisoning the creeks and streams below.

Mountaintop removal has a devastating impact on the region’s economy, ecology and communities. Appalachian Voices is committed to righting these wrongs and protecting the mountains and communities. For more than a decade, we have worked closely with partner groups and citizens in the region, helping establish and guide The Alliance for Appalachia and building a national movement 100,000+ people strong through ILoveMountains.org.

Although President Trump and many in his administration and in the current Congress say they can “bring coal back,” most experts agree the market has finally bottomed out. Still, federal policy makers could take dangerous actions to weaken environmental and health standards in an attempt to wring out the last corporate profits from the region.

In this current political climate, we remain vigilant in our mission to defend the people and natural resources of the Appalachian region, and will raise a hue-and-cry against any regulatory rollbacks.


MTR 101

A deeper dive into the human cost and environmental impacts of mountaintop removal coal mining. MORE


Communities at Risk

Thirty years of satellite imaging show how mountaintop removal is moving ever closer to people’s homes. MORE



Stream Protection Rule

A decade of community support for cleaner water, abruptly undone by the new administration and Congress. MORE


Citizen Enforcement

In the absence of strong government oversight of the coal industry, Appalachian Voices and others take action to protect the environment. MORE



Land Restoration

New initiatives to restore and reclaim some of the million acres left scarred by a century of surface mining. MORE